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  Global Journal of Analytical Chemistry. Volume 1, Issue 1 (2010) pp. 100-108
  Research Article
 
Investigations on the thermal behavior of hexaamminenickel(II) sulphate using TG-MS and TR-XRD
  K.S. Rejitha, Suresh Mathew*  
     
School of Chemical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, P.D. Hills, Kottayam - 686 560, Kerala, India
   
  Abstract  
 

Detailed investigation on the thermal behaviour of hexaamminenickel(II) sulphate has been carried out by TG/DTA coupled online with mass spectroscopy (MS) and temperature resolved X-ray diffraction (TR-XRD). Simultaneous TG/DTA coupled with MS studies in helium atmosphere detected the presence of NH, N, S, O and N2 fragments during thermal decomposition. The complex undergoes a four stage decomposition pattern. The kinetics of the thermal decompositions was studied using model-free isoconversional methods viz ., Friedman, Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) equations. Isoconversional methods yielded a series of activation energy which varies with the extent of conversion, indicating the complex nature of solid state reactions. The intermediates formed were detected by TR-XRD. The morphology of the intermediates was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The final residue was found to be nickel oxide in the nano range.

     
  Keywords  
  Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA); Activation energy; Isoconversional method; Nickel oxide; X-ray diffraction  
     
   
   
   
   
     

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