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  Global Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 2011, 1: 5
  Review Article
 
A critical review of the management options for end of life vehicles (ELVs) and waste electrical/electronic equipment (WEEE) in the 21st century
  Michael A. Nwachukwua,b, and Huan Fenga  
     
a Department of Earth and Environmental Studies, Montclair State University New Jersey, USA
b Department of Geosciences, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria

   
  Abstract  
  The management of end of life vehicles (ELVs) and waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is a major global environmental problem of this century. Based on literature review, we found that nearly 15-20% of ELVs and WEEE generated in developed countries are disposed in developing countries that lack the management capability. Presently most developing countries do not even know where and how to start ELVs and WEEE management. We categorized the existing management options into upstream and downstream strategies. Upstream integrates extended producer responsibility, recycling and reuse of the materials, enhancing dismantle-ability of products from the design stage, and vehicle mercury switch recovery program. Similarly, downstream integrates; intensive awareness program, partnership arrangements, repository facility for e-waste, environmentally friendly automobile mechanic village, then recycling and reuse (in a more convenient order). Upstream strategies lie in the domain of developed countries, while downstream strategies lie in the domain of developing countries.
     
  Keywords  
  Waste equipments; Recycle-reuse; Extended producer responsibility; Mechanic village; Dismantle-ability; Partnership  
     
   
   
   
   
     

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