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  Global Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 2011, 1: 16
  Research Article
Examining the role of social capital in environmental Kuznets curve estimation
  Krishna P. Paudela, Biswo N. Poudelb, Doleswar Bhandaric, Thomas G. Johnsond  
a Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Louisiana State University and LSU AgCenter, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
b Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
c Bureau of Business and Economic Research, MSC06 3510, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA
d Department of Agricultural Economics, 143A Mumford Hall, University of Missouri – Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA

  This study examines if social capital plays a role in the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) estimation. It uses information from the World Values Survey to extract the variables representative of the social capital to develop a social capital index using a principal component analysis. Estimation involves the use of fixed and random effects panel models to examine the role of social capital in the EKC behavior. Our contribution lies in estimating the relationship between social capital and income.Our results showed, at least for the pollutants studied, only a few showed social capital as a significant determinant of environmental pollution.
  Social Capital; Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC); Water Pollution; Air Pollution  

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