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  Physics Express 2011, 1: 23
  Review Article Open Access Article
 
Interface superconductivity: History, development and prospects
  Juan Pereiroa,b, Alexander Petrovica, Christos Panagopoulosa, Ivan Božovicb  
     
a Division of Physics and Applied Physics, School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 21 Nanyang Link, 637371 Singapore
b Condensed Matter Physics and Material Science Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000, USA

   
  Abstract  
  The concept of interface superconductivity was introduced over 50 years ago. Some of the greatest physicists of that time wondered whether a quasi-two-dimensional (2D) superconductor can actually exist, what are the peculiarities of 2D superconductivity, and how does the reduced dimensionality affect the critical temperature (Tc). The discovery of high-temperature superconductors, which are composed of coupled 2D superconducting layers, further increased the interest in reduced dimensionality structures. In parallel, the advances in experimental techniques made it possible to grow epitaxial 2D structures with atomically flat surfaces and interfaces, enabling some of the experiments that were proposed decades ago to be performed finally. Now we know that interface superconductivity can occur at the junction of two different materials (metals, insulators, semiconductors). This phenomenon is being explored intensely; it is also exploited as a means to increase Tc or to study quantum critical phenomena. This research may or may not produce a superconductor with a higher Tc or a useful superconducting electronic device but it will likely bring in new insights into the physics underlying high-temperature superconductivity.
     
  Keywords  
  Interface; Superconductivity; Field effect; Cuprates; High Temperature Superconductors; 2D  
     
   
   
   
   
     

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