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  Journal of Nanoscience Letters 2013, 3: 25
  Research Article
 
Gold nanostructures in medicine: past, present and future
  Delfino Cornejo-Monroya, Laura S. Acosta-Torresb, Aura I. Moreno-Vegac, Carlos Saldanad, Verónica Morales-Tlalpand,e, Víctor M. Castañoc  
     
a Instituto de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Av. del Charro No. 450 Norte, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México C. P. 32310
b Escuela Nacional de Estudios Superiores, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Unidad León; Blvd. UNAM 2011, Predio el Potrero y el Saucillo, León Guanajuato, México, C. P. 36969
c Centro de Física Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Juriquilla, Boulevard Juriquilla No. 3001, C. P. 76230, Juriquilla, Querétaro, México
d Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Clavel 200, Prados de la Capilla, Querétaro, Qro. México, C. P. 76170
e Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad del Bajío. Blvd. Milenio No. 130. San Carlos La Roncha. C. P. 37660 León, Guanajuato, México

   
  Abstract  
  Since ancient times it has been assumed that gold has healthy properties, and even today, many biomedical applications have been discovered. The number of these discoveries will increase due to the characteristics of gold as manipulable size, shape, composition and conjugation with molecules, functional groups and / or therapeutic agents. In the present review, an overview of the past, present and future about the synthesis methods and applications of gold nanostructures is discussed according to the revision of major scientific papers and the most recent published patents.
     
  Keywords  
  Biocompatible gold nanoparticles; Chemical properties; Conjugated nanoparticles; Contrast agents; Diagnosis; Localized heating nanodevices; Nanocages; Nanomedicine, Nanoparticles; Nanorods; Nanoshells; Nanospheres; Optical properties; Synthesis methods; Theranostic nanoparticles; Therapeutic agents; Treatment  
     
   
   
   
   
     

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