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  Journal of Nanoscience Letters 2014, 4: 17
  Research Article
Weak localization, electron heating, and current scaling in a two-dimensional electron system in the vicinity of nanoscaled scatterers
  Chi-Te Lianga,b, Chun-Kai Yanga, Shun-Tsung Loc, Sheng-Di Lind  
a Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
b School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea
c Graduate Institute of Applied Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan
d Department of Electronics Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsin-chu 300, Taiwan

  We have performed magneto-transport measurements on a two-dimensional electron system (2DES) in the vicinity of nanoscaled scatterers. Weak localization as evidenced by negative magnetoresistance is observed and we use the extracted phase coherence rate as a thermometer to measure the effective electron temperature Te in our 2DES when a high current I flows in the device. It is found that TeαI~0.5, consistent with 1/τep~T2 in two dimensions, where 1/τep is the electron-phonon scattering. However, it is worth mentioning that the phase coherence rate 1/τΦ~ T, in agreement with the fact that at low temperatures the dominant phase-breaking mechanism is electron-electron scattering, not electron-phonon scattering. Therefore we are able to investigate the two different inelastic scattering mechanisms which are, in most cases, difficult to be studied independently. Moreover, our data shows that the electron heating effect is a powerful tool to study nanostructures.
  Electron heating; Current scaling; Power law; Two-bath model; Phase coherence  

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