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  Journal of Nanoscience Letters 2014, 4: 22
  Review Article
Hierarchical upconversion nanocomposite materials containing lanthanide-doped nanoparticles
  Ying Bao§, Chaoyang Jiang  
Department of Chemistry, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069, USA
§ Present address: Department of Chemistry and The James Franck Institute, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA

  Upconversion nanocomposite materials have received increasing interest in both fundamental researches and practical applications. Lanthanide-doped nanoparticles, integrated in a variety of hierarchical nanocomposite materials, exhibit unique nonlinear optical property, which convert low energy photons into higher energy radiation. Upconversion nanocomposite materials may be utilized in various fields, such plasmon enhanced fluorescence, security technique and anti-counterfeiting materials, biomedical imaging, and photovoltaic devices. This review summarizes some recent progresses regarding the upconversion nanocomposites and their applications, and provides opinions on the challenges in this subject for future applications.
  Lanthanide-doped nanoparticles; Upconversion nanoparticles; Hierarchical nanocomposite  

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