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  Sci. Lett. J. 2013, 2: 36  
  Research Article
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Nanoscale mesoporous SnO2 lithium battery anodes by hard templating synthesis  
  F. Di Lupoa, A. Tuelb, G. Meligranaa, S. Bodoardoa, C. Gerbaldia  
a Department of Applied Science and Technology - DISAT, Institute of Chemistry, Politecnico di Torino, Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
b IRCELYON, Institut de Recherches sur la Catalyse et l’environnement de Lyon, UMR 5256, CNRS-Université de Lyon 1, 2 Avenue Albert Einstein, 69626 Villeurbanne Cedex, France

  Here we demonstrate a strategy of obtaining tin oxide (SnO2) nanoparticles, via a typical hard templating impregnation (nanocasting) process starting from different mesoporous silica hosts. X-Ray powder diffraction, both scanning and transmission electron microscopy and N2 physisorption at 77 K techniques are employed for the structural-morphological characterization of the synthesized materials. Cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic discharge/charge cycling tests are used to assess the electrochemical behaviour in lithium test cells. The results obtained demonstrate that SnO2 particles can readily undergo reversible reaction with lithium ions at ambient temperature, showing good specific capacity and excellent charge-discharge efficiency.  
  Tin oxide; Mesoporous silica; Hard templating synthesis; Anode material; Lithium ion battery  
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